Myanmar is situated in Southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and northeast by China, on the east and southeast by Laos and Thailand, on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and on the west by Bangladesh and India. The country covers an area of 677,000 square kilometres (261,228 square miles) ranging 936 kilometres (581 miles) from east to west and 2,051 kilometres (1,275 miles) from north to south, It is a land of hills and valleys and is rimmed in the north, east and west by mountain ranges forming a giant horseshoe. Enclosed within the mountain barriers are the flat lands of Ayeyarwaddy, Chindwin and Sittaung River valleys where most of the country’s agricultural land and population are concentrated.
The Union of Myanmar is made up of 135 national races, of which the main national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. Population of the country is estimated at 52.4 million (July, 2003) and the population growth rate is 1.84 percent.
The Kaladan Multi Modal Transit Transport Project connects the Sittwe Port in Myanmar with Ports in India, along with riverine transport and roadways to Mizoram
Tata Motors has established a Heavy Turbo Truck Assembly Plant in Myanmar under Government of India’s Line of Credit for supply of commercial vehicles.
The Indian based Industrial Training Centres in Pakokku and Myingyan provide training for industrial development through basic and practical training courses, fortifying the skilled and semi-skilled work force in Myanmar.
GAIL and OVL are investing 25% of a total of US$ 2.6 billion in onshore and offshore blocks for a gas pipeline project in Myanmar. Essar Oil also has US$ 100 million worth of ongoing exploration projects in Myanmar.
PDD Documentary: India – Myanmar: An Enduring Bond
Myanmar, the land of breathtaking natural beauty, golden pagodas and sunny beaches, is the only ASEAN country with which India shares land and maritime borders. Culturally, the two countries share many a common thread. The film traces the historical ties between India and Myanmar, especially religious and cultural bonds. To strengthen the close bonds of an age-old friendship, India has taken up several developmental projects in Myanmar and bilateral relations are poised to embark on a new journey, building a common future on time tested foundations. The film seeks to put in perspective the political and emotional bonds between the two countries that date back to the pre-independence era.